Do you know the differences between hemp vs marijuana and CBD vs CBG?

Do you know the differences between hemp vs marijuana and CBD vs CBG?

Let's start from the beginning: you've probably heard someone say the words “hemp” or “marijuana”. However, do you know the difference between the two terms?

Throughout history, including the discovery of material made from hemp over 10,000 years ago, hemp was probably the first crop ever cultivated by mankind.

According to an article published on, the term “hemp” is used to mean cannabis that contains 0.3 percent or less THC content by dry weight. It claims that this definition was first proposed in 1979 in a book called “The Species Problem in Cannabis: Science & Semantics". According to the book, “this number was used in the legal definition of hemp, as specified in the Agricultural Act of 2018 and other laws in the United States”.

Marjuana, on the other hand, is a term used to talk about property that can leave you "high". Legally, the word "marijuana" refers to cannabis that has more than 0.3 percent THC in dry weight. Remembering that the number may vary between the types of the plant.


Like cannabidiol (CBD), cannabigerol (CBG) is a cannabinoid. It is the main non-intoxicating component of cannabis and also the best known in the industry, being widely used in common strains of cannabis, making the isolation and use of cannabinoids easily translatable for product manufacturing operations. It is possible to say that CBG looks similar to CBD on the surface.

CBG is a less abundant cannabinoid but has also recently been observed in studies. The component can also, according to the researchers, reduce inflammation, fight pain and even slow the proliferation of some cancer cells.

CBG is the precursor for other cannabinoids. When heated, CBG-A, the acidic form of CBG, breaks down. It doesn’t only form CBG, though. It also forms CBD, tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), and cannabichromene (CBC).

CBD has a relatively low affinity for cannabinoid receptors and interacts mostly with the endocannabinoid system on an indirect basis and, on the other hand, CBG is thought to interact directly with the brain’s CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors.